This contribution deal with the distribution of the arctic-alpine dwarf willow (Salix herbacea) in the Slovak part of the Western Carpathians. Herbarium specimens of the species, as well as both published and unpublished sources of distributional data were examined.
In Slovakia, dwarf willow usually occurs on non-calcareous substrates mainly in the Vysoké Tatry Mts, Západné Tatry Mts and Nízke Tatry Mts, less frequently in the Belianske Tatry Mts, rarely in the Západné Beskydy Mts (Mt. Pilsko). It usually grows in the (sub)alpine to subnival belt on sites with suffi cient snow protection, most often in plant communities of snow-beds and snow fields (Salicetalia herbaceae order). Based on the available information, dwarf willow is considered to be a glacial relict.